6 ancient cities buried underground in Kaifeng

Under the Pan Yang Er Lake in Jianpan is the palace

The girder gate built on the original site of the Ming and Qing Dynasties

Central Plains News: Core Tips

After more than 20 years of archaeological discoveries by Kaifeng archeologists, 6 cities—3 national capitals, two provincial capitals, and a central city in Central Plains—are stacked on top of 3-12 meters underground in Kaifeng. This is called the mystery of the world by some scholars. Can these underground ancient cities be developed to allow the world to appreciate China’s “Wall Street” more than 2000 years ago?

Kaifeng’s ancestors have circulated these words from generation to generation: “Kaifeng City, Chenghuang City, there are several cities buried underground” and “Kaifeng Chenghuang City, Longting Palace Palace, and several palaces hidden deep in the bottom of Panyang Lake”. These transmissions are recorded in many historical documents, but no physical evidence has been found to confirm


In mid-May 1981, during the construction of the dredging island in Panjiahu, Kaifeng City’s garden department found that bulldozers introduced many square bricks and cinnabar red curtains for ancient buildings. The smart people immediately stopped the work and immediately informed the situation. Head of the City Museum. After more than 20 years of excavation and exploration by Kaifeng archeologists, the mysterious veil of Kaifeng’s underground “urban city” wonders has been lifted: 6 ancient cities are buried under the current Kaifeng city. From the bottom up, the six cities are: the Liang City in the Wei Dynasty during the Warring States Period, Luzhou City in the Tang Dynasty, Tokyo City in the Five Dynasties and the Northern Song Dynasty, Jingjing City in the Jin Dynasty, Kaifeng City in the Ming Dynasty, and Kaifeng City in the Qing Dynasty.

According to Liu Chunying, deputy director of the Kaifeng Municipal Cultural Relics Administration and the leader of the Kaifeng Cultural Relics Task Force, Daliang City is about 12 to 14 meters deep from the current surface, Luzhou City is about 10 to 12 meters deep from the surface, and Tokyo City is about 8 to 10 away from the surface. The depth of the city is about 6 meters from the surface of the city of Jin’ao. The city of Kaifeng in the Ming Dynasty is about 5 to 6 meters from the surface. The city of Kaifeng in the Qing Dynasty is about 3 meters from the surface.

Archeologists also found some cultural relics under the Panjia Lake. Liu Chunying said: “These ancient cities were submerged by the Yellow River, and after each flood, people who survived and came from outside knew that there were treasures below, and they dug treasures, so there are not many cultural relics left, but They can’t dig so clean. All we found in archeology are some walls and foundations, unlike the palaces that people still think are still standing. ”

After understanding the underground situation, the relevant departments of Kaifeng set out to select typical locations with conditions. On the basis of scientific protection, they wanted to unveil the mystery of the underground city, so that today people can see the “urban city” under Kaifeng city. , Roads, roads, roads, horse roads and horse roads “, and feel the profound cultural heritage of the ancient capitals of the Seven Dynasties.

Can the underground underground city be developed? Because Kaifeng City is lower than the Yellow River bed, the groundwater level is very high. A friend living in Kaifeng told reporters that the well in his yard had only hit 3 meters before water came out. The high water level of the dungeon has become a stumbling block.

Can’t Kaifeng Dungeon be developed, and today’s people can’t appreciate the prosperity of Kaifeng in the past, the life scenes of ancient people and the disaster that the Yellow River brought to Kaifeng people? the answer is negative.

Professor Cheng Minsheng, director of the Song Dynasty History Research Institute of Henan University who has been researching and paying attention to Kaifeng Dungeon for a long time, said in an interview with reporters: “Kaifeng Dungeon is rich, multi-layered, old, well-preserved and rare in the country. Many units have wanted to develop However, it cannot be developed. Because the central axis of Kaifeng City is the same as that of the underground city, the entire city must be relocated for development. However, part of the development is entirely possible. The beam city during the Warring States Period was the most complete, and it was underground 20 It is impossible to develop because of water level restrictions. “According to him, a real estate company and the national civil air defense department wanted to develop a large-scale underground city on a large scale, and they were afraid to stop because they needed too much capital.

During an interview in Kaifeng, the reporter asked some citizens that they all wanted to develop the underground city, attracting many Chinese and foreign tourists, and increasing the economic income of Kaifeng.

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