Chongqing Zhongxian Ancient Tomb 2 kilometers along the river 800 years across the Han and Six Dynasties

This group is by our reporter

Staff are measuring and mapping artifacts

104 ancient tombs from the Han Dynasty to the Six Dynasties period of nearly 800 years, stretched two kilometers along the Yangtze River, the longest tomb group since the Three Gorges archeology.

Unearthed funeral items

Chongqing Youth Daily reported on January 11

“Burning the east of the Yangtze River, the waves are running out of heroes …” On the side of the Yangtze River in Jiangjun Village, Wuyang Town, Zhongxian County, the tomb of Shu Yan, the general of the Shu Kingdom during the Three Kingdoms period, has truly shown the history of this long song. Before the world. Now, this place was included in the A-level protection excavation project of the “Three Gorges Cultural Relics Conservation Plan”, and redeveloped 104 ancient tombs from the Han Dynasty to the Six Dynasties, which stretched two kilometers along the Yangtze River. The tomb group is the longest. The disc


overy and excavation of the tomb will mark the end of the Three Gorges archeology. At the same time, the archeological discoveries there are also expected to be shortlisted for the top ten archeological discoveries of China in 2008. Archaeological relics of 143,000 Three Gorges Dams have been unearthed in the Three Gorges Archeology. In order to rescue precious cultural relics along the Yangtze River that will be submerged by the river, archeology of the Three Gorges Project officially began in 1997. According to the person in charge of Chongqing Three Gorges Office, the archaeological excavations of the Three Gorges area totaled 1.19 million square meters, and 143,000 cultural relics have been unearthed, including 8,000 precious cultural relics. Large-scale Three Gorges archeology will be completed in the first half of this year. “Five lantern graves have been excavated in 54 tombs and hundreds of cultural relics have been unearthed.” According to Li Dadi, director of the Exploration Office of the Municipal Cultural Relics and Archeology Institute, the lantern lantern graves of Wuyang Town, Zhongxian County are covered by fir trees and flowers. , Huanggeshubao, Chailinbao, Huabaliang, hanging mouth and other 6 cemeteries, along the right bank of the Yangtze River in order, stretching for two kilometers, there are more than 200 on-site staff. The stone table pulled out the tomb of the Haomen family. “In the summer of 2003,” National Treasure “-level stone ward-offs and stone tables were unearthed along the Yangtze River in Jiangjun Village, Wuyang Town, Zhongxian County. The inscription on the stone table is the largest in the country.” According to Li Dadi, it can be known from the inscription that there is a large tomb of the Wen family in the vicinity of the stone table. Some people in the Wen family have had official orders to Zhongzhou, which is equivalent to the current “mayor” post. . In Zhongxian, the Wen family during the Jin and Liu dynasties was even more powerful and famous. In Huanggeshubao Cemetery, archaeologists found 5 to 6 tombs. No matter from the type of tombs, tomb specifications and tomb dates, the inscriptions on the “Stone Table” have been confirmed one by one. It can be seen that here is the tomb group of the Wen family. The burial 7 meters deep failed to escape the grave robbers. “Look, there is a big bag here, which is the seal on the grave bag.” In the Chalinbao cemetery, Li Dadi said that to find out if there is a tomb underground, first A ten-shaped trench was to be dug in the mound of mounds. Most of the ancient tombs were found in this way. “The mound tomb does not mean that the tomb owner is poor, nor does the brick room tomb mean that the tomb owner must be rich.” According to Li Dadi, the mound tomb and brick room tomb are just different tombs in different periods. Under the mound of 7 meters deep, a prototype of a brick room tomb more than 7 meters long and about 6 meters wide was just excavated by archeologists. But at one end of the burial chamber, a hole was uncovered in the brick on the top of the tomb, just enough to allow one person to pass. According to Li Dadi, from the appearance of the hole, the hole is likely to be a robber. Although the tomb was buried and buried again, it still failed to escape the “black hand” of the robber. Hundreds of artifacts unearthed from 54 tombs have been excavated. The five-shaped stove with a boat shape can still “fire and cook”. A pot like a small tea cup is neatly placed on the stove like a boat. It is quite surprising that this extremely rare ceramic boat-shaped cooker can still be “burned” in the cooker due to its well-designed and sophisticated production. The whole stove is about 30 centimeters long. Five small round holes are dug at the upper end of the stove for placing pots and kettles. Small holes are dug at the lower end of the stove, which is where the fire rises. The whole stove is all connected, and it is not much different from the cooking stove in the farmhouse now. “Don’t underestimate this stove. If it really burns, you can really cook it.” Archeological staff said with a smile.

“Key” shaped iron-cutting function like Swiss Army Knife

“This shape makes this knife easy to carry and very easy to use.” The reporter found an iron with a length of a dagger in the temporary warehouse at the archaeological site of Huadengfen. Because of its age, the iron has been cut into two pieces, and its shape is like a “key” that has been enlarged several times. According to archeologists at the scene, this ironware was used by ancient people to cut meat or fruit, and it can also be used as a self-defense dagger. For the convenience of carrying, the ancients specially cut a hole in the iron-cut end, which has many functions, just like the current Swiss army knife. It is still a mystery why the carriage was buried without seeing the parts. “It looks like these copper ornaments should be parts on the carriage, but there is no carriage in the tomb. Why should the tomb owner bury these parts in the tomb?” The staff members held a pile of gilt bronzes excavated from the tomb, and could not help but have questions. According to reports, such gilt bronze ornaments are generally used on carriages for fixing or decoration. Usually in the owner’s funeral, either the real thing or the burial tool is buried. However, these gilt bronzes were neither artifacts nor complete objects at that time. Why they were buried alone in the tomb is still a mystery. The funeral “pond” jumped the frog and crawled the turtle into a pool of clear water, lotus blooms, and fish swim, this beautiful picture was also brought into the owner’s grave. Among the unearthed cultural relics, there are two well-preserved ceramic “ponds”, and the beauty of the pond is burned into a reduced version of the “pots.” There are not only blooming lotuses in the “pond”, but also naughty frogs and tortoises meditating, and the craftsmanship is quite exquisite.

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