Slender West Lake unearths business district in Tang Dynasty

The number of gates exceeded that of Changan, the capital of the time, and Slender West Lake was its moat.

The archaeological department of Yangzhou’s cultural relics released the news on the 9th. On the construction site of Wanhua Garden Scenic Area on the bank of Shouxi Lake, the archaeological excavation work that lasted more than two months was basically over. “Ximen Ruins” reappear. According to experts, a total of 4 gates were opened on the wall of the site, which exceeded the then capital of Chang’an, directly confirming the prosperous business of Yangzhou in the Tang Dynasty. To the archeologists’ surprise, while excavating the “Tangcheng Ruins”, some of the ancient city walls of Yangzhou during the Five Dynasties were also accidentally excavated. Yin Zhihua, deputy director of the Yangzhou Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, introduced that as early as the mid-1980s, archeologists surveyed the existence of large ancient city ruins here. The reason for the

excavation was more than 20 years ago. At that time, there was a large area of farmland and residential areas above the site, and related archaeological work has not been carried out. This year, the city started the second phase of the Shouxihuwan Garden Scenic Area. The site of the site is within the construction scope, and relevant excavations have been logically carried out.

According to Deputy Director Yin Zhihua, archaeologists have excavated the western part of the Yangzhou city wall in the Tang Dynasty. The entire site covers an area of ​​nearly 3,000 square meters. Three of them were found in Yangda Agricultural College in the city, near the ancient crossing of the East Gate and in the lotus pond The fourth building after the Tang Dynasty city ruins, these 4 ruins are the “Luo City” of Yangzhou in the Tang Dynasty, which was the “commercial area” at that time. In addition, there is a “Yangzhou Tangcheng Site” that has been well protected since the Tang Dynasty. Its function is positioned as the “sub-city” of Yangzhou in the Tang Dynasty, that is, the “administrative district”. Today, the thin West Lake system of Yangzhou was the moat of Yangzhou Xicheng during the Tang Dynasty. The reporter saw at the excavation site that the site is about 100 meters long from east to west and from north to south, and the remains of the ancient city wall more than 1 meter high are clearly visible. The gate opens west, and the wall is trapezoidal, shrinking inward as the height increases. It is understood that this is the “receiving” structure commonly used in the construction of ancient city walls, that is, the inner and outer sides of the city wall are built with a brick structure of more than one meter thick, and the middle is filled with soil. It then shrinks inward to ensure the firmness and stability of the wall.

According to experts, a total of 4 gates were opened on the walls of the “Chengdu Luocheng” site of the Tang Dynasty Ximen site, which is rare in the excavated sites in China. At the time, the capitals of Changan and Luoyang, the capitals of the country at the time, only opened 3 gates in a city wall, and Yangzhou opened 4 gates. This shows that the prosperous business of Yangzhou at that time directly confirmed the description of the economic prosperity of the Tang Dynasty “Yang Yi Yi Er” [Yangzhou first, Yizhou (ie Chengdu) second].

It is worth mentioning that during the excavation, archeologists also “accidentally” excavated some of the relics of the ancient city wall of Yangzhou during the Five Dynasties. According to reports, the width of the wall in the Tang Dynasty was 10.08 meters, but it became 18 meters in the fifth generation period. Another sign that distinguishes the Tang wall from the wall of the fifth generation is that the wall walls in the Tang Dynasty are relatively small and stacked irregularly. The city walls of the Five Dynasties were relatively large and neatly stacked. The reporter learned that relevant departments will take special protection measures for the “Ximen Site” in Tangcheng, Yangzhou, and after scientific and rigorous restoration, it will be opened to tourists as part of the city’s Slender West Lake Wanhua Garden Scenic Area.

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