The reason for the disappearance of the ancient country of Loulan is that we have not yet figured out that a group ofpicturesabout the Millennium Women’s Body in Loulan has attracted attention from all sides! Is this Lulan ancient country millennial female corpse a princess of Loulan?
Loulan ancient country millennial female corpse
The delicate eyebrows, the eyes of the deep depression, the thin lips are light, beautiful and melancholy.
On April 10th, another image of Loulan Beauty was presented to the people through the ancient tunnel under the name of Professor Zhao Chengwen, who is known as the “master of ancient restoration”.
This is the 15th ancient image restored by Professor Zhao Chengwen, the chief professor of the Chinese Criminal Police Academy.
Beijing “loulan beauty”
On April 4, 2005, Professor Zhao Chengwen went to Beijing to handle the case. In Beijing, he got the pictures of Lou Lanmei from the hands of Liang Yue, one of the authors of the legend of the Millennium and the mystery of the millennium. The “Lou Lan Beauty” on the information is the world-famous Tiehe River female corpse mummified, known as “Lou Lan Beauty”.
Professor Zhao, who had reinstated a “Lou Lanmei girl” in April 2004, was very excited when he got the picture. After returning to Shenyang, he immediately led the assistant to invest in research.
”Lou Lan Beauty” is beautiful and melancholy
According to Prof. Zhao, he first scanned the skull X-ray of Loulan Beauty into the computer, and then determined the position and size of the facial features with 9 straight lines and 5 vertical lines according to the “three courts and five eyes” theory in the painting.
After that, refer to the photos taken for the body of Loulan beauty when unearthed, and related materials, and input the relevant information into the “Police cck-3 portrait simulation combination system” developed by Professor Zhao Chengwen, and then follow the principles of human anatomy and anthropology. From the parts library of this system, look for the facial features that match the Loulan beauty skull. Then use the art, medicine and other knowledge to make.
In this restoration, Professor Zhao pays great attention to image writing: age 35 years old, is a mature woman, eyes are deep and god, big eyes, high nose, nose tip and curl, thin red lips, lower jaw Pointed, the cheekbones are slightly higher. The felt hat was changed into a white cashmere hat with 3 geese on the hat, the hair was brownish red, and the length was increased. The thick-line blended shirt was worn, sideways, slightly left, echoing with the right hair.
After the formation of the composition, we found that this is a very beautiful, but with a strong melancholy temperament middle-aged beauty.
It is understood that Professor Zhao Chengwen is going to visit Xinjiang again in the next step and will copy his image with the help of a mummified general who defends Xinjiang.
Later, he compiled the information about the restored ancients and published a monograph on the restoration of ancient corpses.
”Lou Lan beauty”
Loulan ancient country millennial female corpse looks like?
It is the earliest unearthed ancient corpse in Xinjiang, dating back to about 3,800 years. Scientifically, the woman was about forty-five years old when she died. She was 1.57 meters tall and weighed 10.1 kilograms. Her blood type is O-type. When she was unearthed, she was lying on a typical wind-eroded sandy soil platform. The top of the tomb covered the branches, the reeds, and the side. Horns, grasshoppers, etc. The corpse was dressed in coarse woolen fabric and sheepskin, and the fur boots were stitched with thick lines.
It is more than a foot long, yellow-brown, rolled in a pointed felt hat, with a number of caps, a reddish-brown complexion, a deep eye socket, a high and narrow nose, a sharp chin, and a distinctive Europa species. Feature
3800, think about what is this concept, how big is the time span? In the 3800 years of the Central Plains, it was still the rule of the Xia Dynasty. Loulan girl lived in that era, no matter what kind of living conditions at that time, the beauty of Loulan girl, crossed the time and space or left us to live after 3800 years, those who have not been to the ancient tomb, to find it is not Easy. Here is actually a developing Yadan landform. Similar gullies are one after another. It seems that we are still separated. We have also found many ancient tombs in this group of ditch. The ancient tomb is only a few miles away from the Peacock River. The cemetery was chosen on the platform and there was also a flood control. It seems that people looked at Feng Shui at that time. When you
first saw the cemetery, it gave people a sense of shock. On the big cemetery, it seems as if There are countless radiant “suns”, and every “sun” is a tomb. This situation makes me wonder what I want to do: when the sun hits the day, the nine suns that have been shot fall on it. Here? Each cemetery has a “nuclear”, which is made up of a tight circle of Populus euphratica. I counted it, and each cemetery has 7 layers of Populus euphratica, “7 “The number must have any meaning at that time. Maybe it is the same as the 7-layer meaning of the stupa. On the periphery of the cemetery, there are a number of small tombs that are row upon row and buried very shallow. It is these small cemeteries that bring us An unexpected surprise came. When the first female corpse appeared in front of us, everyone rushed to take pictures and leave a eternal commemoration. I fell into the thoughts on the side. I have seen Sven Heding to Loulan that year. The photo taken by the female corpse left a deep impression on me.
I don’t think I will witness the true image of Lou Lan’s female body, and it gives me a very strong feeling. Loulan girl is indeed very beautiful. Their faces are not big, their jaws are round and their eyes are wide, and it seems to make us feel the clear and glorious eyes in the bright eyes. Long eyelashes are countless. The high nose bridge strongly enhances the beauty of the entire face. The thick yellow-brown natural curly long hair is very windy and shawl, and the top of the head is rolled into a pointed felt hat. The dark brown felt hat edge is decorated with dazzling red wool thread, the color is harmonious and beautiful, and there are several colorful feathers on the left and right sides of the hat top. The neck is surrounded by a velvety leather jacket that is both warm and beautiful. The naked body was wrapped tightly in a wool blanket. The exposed feet are wearing a pair of new short-leg leather boots. The overall image is a charming Peugeot girl. According to a researcher at the Xinjiang Cultural Relics and Archaeology Institute, Wang Binghua, I told them that they used wood, woolen cloth, sheepskin, etc., which were unearthed from the ancient tomb cemetery. They have invited a number of authoritative research institutions in China to make a total of 10 sets of carbon 14 measurements, except for two. The difference between the groups is large, and the rest are all around 3800. Basically, it can be considered that the age of the tombs of the ancient tombs was about 3,800 years ago.
There has been a story about the difference between the two groups. In that year, the Xinjiang Archaeological Institute sent the Loulan female corpse to Shanghai for exhibition. The urgent news reporters rushed to the airport to meet. The comrades responsible for the escorting of the Archaeological Institute accidentally said the age of the female body that was misjudged. The next day, Shanghai The Liberation Daily reported the first report of the 6000-year-old corpse of Loulan female corpse. The 6,000-year-old corpse is far more than the record of the Egyptian Pharaoh’s 5,000-year-old mummies, causing a sensation in the world. Fortunately, a large number of test results came out later to make up for this error. Although the Loulan female corpse is only 3,800 years old, it is preserved in a natural state, and the preservation is very good, which is enough to create a world record.
On the unearthed female body, we found the dry bug, and found the dead scorpion in her slender blonde. Scorpions and bed bugs are “temperature-responsive” parasitic insects. They have not left because of the death of human body, or do they have a deep love for the beautiful Loulan girl? This may be a new topic worthy of further study by entomologists. The beautiful Loulan girl life is actually very difficult. From the weaving of the rough-skinned fur, the thousands of shoes that are worn on the feet can be seen, the material at that time is very rich. From the excavated dry corpse or human bone specimens, when people died at the time of their ages, the difficult living environment made them exhaust their energy prematurely. Towards the end of life, where did the Loulan girl come from? After seeing the female corpse in the ancient tomb, from their tall nose, yellow curly hair, spired felt hat, I feel that they are very similar to today’s Tajik.
Archaeologists have told me that my feelings are correct and that they have some kind of kinship with the Tajik people. In the tombs of the ancient Luobu people, on the blankets that wrap the bodies, there is a small sac in the part under the neck, and there are some fine shredded branches in the sac. This burial custom, according to the Swedish scholar Bergman, is similar to the Indian monk. The Qixi people used a plant in the religious ritual to produce the so-called “Hama” or “Sima”, so that the soul can ascend to heaven. The shrapnel used by the Gurob people is also about this function. The Qixi people are a member of the ancient Yilan people, and the Tajik people in Xinjiang are also a member of the ancient Yilan people. The consistency of this custom may also be a reflection of their ethnic origin.
Of course, it is also possible to show consistency in certain customs due to the exchange of cultural ideas between neighboring regions. Xinjiang archaeologists have also carried out ethnographic tests on six skulls excavated from the tombs in the suburbs of Loulan. Five of them belong to European races and one belongs to Mongolian races. Four of the five European race skulls are consistent, similar to the Indian-Afghan type of the Eastern Mediterranean branch, and the other between the Mediterranean and Pamir-Fairgan types, but still have many features. It may be a variation of the Mediterranean race. It is a skull of the Mongolian race, slightly closer to the South Siberian type. From this, it may be speculated that the ethnic composition of the Gurobes is quite dominant in the Mediterranean-dominated type of European race.
This feature, similar to the Pamir Seck type of residents, indicates a close ethnosystematic relationship between them. The existence of individual Mongolian skulls indicates that the anthropological component of the Gurobe is not a simple European race. The Luobu depression, together with the Tarim Basin, was once an integral part of the ancient Mediterranean during the geological period, and after the natural connection with the Mediterranean, it has shown a striking similarity in anthropology during the historical period. This fact shows that the environment and society are inherited.
Some experts pointed out that the Peacock River and the Cheerchen River flowed into the Tarim River and entered the Lop Nur via the Kuluk River. Lop Nur is the source of life of Gu Loulan. The migration of Lop Nur has caused the water supply of Loulan to be depleted and the plants to die, resulting in a bad climate. Loulan people will stay here and they may only sit still, so they have to abandon the city and the ancient city of Loulan is in history. Disappeared.
Many scholars also believe that the decline of Gu Loulan is closely related to social and human factors. The ancient book records the last existence of Loulan in the Eastern Jin Dynasty and the Sixteen Kingdoms. This is the most chaotic period in the history of China. Why, fight each other. Loulan is the place where the military is going to rush and the military is competing. Frequent wars and predatory looting have devastatedly destroyed the vegetation and transportation business status of Loulan. The ancient countries on the edge of the desert have lost these two basic elements and cannot exist. As a result, it became a scene full of yellow sand and a vast sky today.
But what is the real reason why Loulan was abandoned? Experts and scholars are still exploring…
Loulan, the name of the ancient country of the Western Region. Loulan is an ancient small country in western China. Guodu Loulan City (the site is on the northwestern shore of Lop Nur, Xinjiang, China). The southwest pass and the end, the fine, the arrest, the Yu, the North Tong trainer, the northwest pass, the East Dang Bailong heap, Tong Dunhuang, the Silk Road. The Chinese are of the Indo-European race. At the beginning of the Han Dynasty, the Emperor Wudi passed through the Loulan. Loulan repeatedly used the Xiongnu as a deaf ear and attacked the Western Han Dynasty messenger. In the third year of Yuanfeng (108), Han sent troops to discuss Loulan and captured his king. Loulan both descended from the Han and was attacked by the Xiongnu, so he dispatched the waiter and called the minister on both sides. After the Xiongnu waiter, Ang was established as the Loulan King, and he was a Xiongnu. Wang Di’s slaughter of the Han Dynasty and the Han Dynasty. Zhaodi Yuanfeng four years (before 77), Han sent Fu Mezi to Loulan, assassinated Angui, Li Yu was the king, changed the country name to Shanshan, moved to the mud city (now near Xinjiang). Later, the Han government often squatted in the land of Loulancheng, from Yumenguan to Loulan, and set up a pavilion along the way. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties and the pre-cool period, Loulan City became the long history of the Western Region.
About 1600 years ago, Loulan State disappeared, leaving only the remains of the ancient city. Loulan Ancient City is located at 89°22′22〃 east, 40°29′55〃 north latitude. It is located in the north of Ruoqiang County, Bayinguoleng Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, Xinjiang, 7km away from the northwest corner of Lop Nur and the south bank of Peacock River.
The ancient history of Loulan is still unclear. The name of Loulan was first seen in “Historical Records”. “Historical Records. The Biography of the Xiongnu” records that the Loulan people established the country around the 3rd century BC, when Loulan was ruled by the Moon. From 177 BC to 176 BC, the Huns defeated the Moon, and Loulan was under the jurisdiction of the Xiongnu. The current state of Loulan ancient country Loulan ancient city covers an area of 120,000 square meters, close to the square, with a side length of about 330 meters. The entire site is scattered in the Yadan landform on the west bank of Lop Nur. The site of Loulan Ancient City is 350 kilometers northwest of Korla City and 330 kilometers southwest of Ruoqiang County. The discovery of Loulan Ancient City
The earliest discoverer of the Loulan Kingdom was the Swedish explorer Sven Hedin. At the beginning of March 1900, the Heding expedition came to the Robb Wilderness along the left riverbed of the dry Peacock River. When crossing a desert, they discovered that their shovel was accidentally lost in the campsite last night. Heding had to let his assistant go back and look for it. The assistant quickly retrieved the shovel and even picked up a few pieces of wood carvings. Heding saw the debris and was so excited that he decided to explore the ruins. In March 1901, Sven Hedin began to excavate and discovered a large number of cultural relics such as a stupa and three halls, as well as wooden carvings with Greek art and culture, five cents, and a letter of Lu. Then they found many beacon towers in the southeast of this ruin and continued to the ancient city buried in the sand on the west bank of Lop Nur. This is the ancient city of Loulan.
The ancient city plane is nearly square, with a side length of about 330 meters, almost all of which is buried by quicksand. The walls are made of clay and red wicker. There is an ancient canal running from the northwest to the southeast. To the northeast of the canal is an octagonal dome adobe pagoda. On the terrace of Tanan, there is a group of tall wooden building relics. It has been unearthed in Chinese, Luwen instruments and simple, five-dollar money, silk fabrics, and daily necessities. In the middle of the southwestern canal, there are three large-scale wooden adobe sites. A large number of Chinese documents, wooden slips, and early Sogdian and Luwen documents were unearthed in and around the house. A group of courtyards in the west may be official residences, with small dwellings on the south. The various instruments and rudiments unearthed in the city are called Lop Nur instruments.
During the inspection in the early 20th century, a large number of Loulan cultural relics were taken away by foreign delegations.
Loulan culture is the world’s most human landscape. According to archaeologists, human activities in the Tarim River Basin have been more than 10,000 years old. If we connect the ancient city abandoned in the Taklimakan Desert of the Tarim River with a red line, we will be surprised to find that all the ancient cities, including the Loulan Kingdom, suddenly disappeared in the 4th and 5th centuries, all the sites. They are all in the midst of a desert of 50-200 kilometers away from today’s human life. Today, despite the great efforts of many scholars, the rise and fall of the ancient city of Loulan is still a mystery. The Loulan site has also become the focus of the world. The ancient city of Luntai, the end of the ruins, the ancient tombs, the ancient urns, the mummies, the ancient rock murals, etc., are world-class tourist attractions. In the history of mankind, Loulan is a name full of mystery. It has had a glory that has formed its special status in the history of world culture. The interest and enthusiasm shown by Loulan culture fully demonstrates that Loulan belongs not only to China, but also to human beings. Loulan is an inestimable historical legacy left by the ancestors to Bazhou, and is also the pride of Bazhou people. It also means digging, sorting out and studying Loulan culture. Bazhou people should have greater responsibility for displaying Loulan and Guxi culture in various ways. When the 21st century is about to come, the times provide an excellent opportunity for the people of Bazhou. This is to take advantage of the rapid development of the economy and to develop the architectural heritage of Loulan and the ancient city on the premise of comprehensive growth of economic strength. Make them serve the construction of modern spiritual civilization and material civilization. In fact, this is a new life given to us in the new historical period. According to the records of the History of Dawan Biography and the Han Shuxi Biography, the history of the Loulan ancient country was as far as the 2nd century, Loulan was a famous “city of the city” in the Western Region. It is east to Dunhuang, northwest to 焉耆, 尉 尉, southwest to Ruoqiang, and the end. The southern and northern roads of the ancient “Silk Road” were divided from Loulan. China’s Wei and Jin Dynasties and the pre-cool period of the Western Regions. Located in the northwest of Luobupo, Xinjiang. Because of the Chinese texts unearthed in the ruins, it was named after the “Lou Lan” and Lu Wen’s voice for the name “Cululalai”. At the beginning of the 20th century, the British Stein et al. had repeatedly robbed this. After the 1950s, Chinese scholars conducted investigations and excavations.
Loulan is one of the thirty-six countries in the Western Region. It is adjacent to Dunhuang and has a close relationship with the Han Dynasty before and after the AD. The records of ancient Loulan are based on the records of Han Shu·Western Biography, Fa Xian and Xuanzang. “Han·Western Biography” records: “Yu Shanguo, the real name of Loulan, Wang Zhizhi mud city, to the Yangguan thousand six hundred miles, to Changan six thousand and one hundred. The family is five hundred and seventy-seven, mouth is four thousand four hundred and one hundred. “The law reveals: “The land is rugged and thin. The laity clothes are thick and the same as the Han dynasty, but the blanket is different. The king is blessed by the law. There are more than 4,000 gongs, and it is learned by the small school.” Xuanzang Sanzang travels in it. At the end, I made a very simple account: “From the northeast, I have traveled for more than a thousand miles, to the hometown of Nabir, that is, Loulan.”
Han Lan’s Loulan State sometimes became the eyes and ears of the Xiongnu, sometimes attached to Han, playing with the policy of two sides. Between the two forces of Han and Xiongnu, he skillfully maintained his political life. Because Loulan is located in the transportation of Han and Western countries, Han can’t cross the area to fight the Huns. The Huns can’t threaten the Han Dynasty without the power of Loulan. Han and Xiongnu have tried their best to implement the Huairou policy.
Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty sent Bo Wang Hou Zhang to send Da Yueshi to conclude the attack and defense alliance failed. After that, he dispatched a large army to attack the Dawan country in the distant place, and sent messengers to the Western countries. When these messengers passed through Loulan, Loulan was too burdened to kill the messenger. Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty finally sent troops to attack Loulan. As a result, the Prince Loulan was sent to the Han Dynasty as a hostage. Loulan also sent a prince to the Xiongnu, saying that he was strictly neutral between the Xiongnu and Han. Since then, when the Han Yuan conscription army attacked a country of the Huns, Lou Lan Wang Tong Xiongnu, the ambush in the Huns in China, angered the Han court. Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty once again sent troops to attack Loulan, and forced the capital to smash the mud city. Loulan Wang feared that he immediately opened the city gate and pleaded guilty. The Emperor Wu wanted him to monitor the movement of the Huns. In 1992, Loulan Wang died and recruited the prince who was hostage in the Han Dynasty to return to the throne. The prince was very sad and did not want to return home easily. His brother inherited the throne. The new king did not die long. The Huns took this opportunity to inherit the throne from the eldest son of the former king who was hostage in his own country. After hearing the news, Han Wudi was shocked and quickly sent messengers to persuade the new king to the Han court. Hostage, failed. In the following two or three years, there were no major incidents between Han and Xiongnu, and it was very stable on the surface. The borderland of Loulan is close to Yumenguan. The Han dynasty often goes through the gate to the countries of the Western Regions. It passes through the desert named Bailongdui in Loulan. There is often wind in the desert, and the sand is swept into the air like a dragon, and the pedestrians are lost. The Loulan Kingdom provided guides and drinking water. Due to the repeated abuse of the guide by Han, Loulan refused to obey his orders, and the relationship between the two deteriorated. Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty eventually sent an assassin to assassinate the new king. For the prince who was hostage in the Han court, a Mei Ji was sent back to Loulan to inherit the throne. But the king was frightened and afraid of assassination. In the name of protecting the king, Emperor Wu of Han sent troops to the territory of Loulan, thus gaining the initiative to attack the Xiongnu and the Western countries. The above is the relationship between Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty and Loulan. Since then, the influence of the Han Dynasty has weakened, and Loulan once again betrayed. The mystery of the disappearance of Loulan in 400 AD, the sorghum method shows the westbound, through this place, he said in the “Buddha Kingdom” that this place is already “no birds on the top, no beasts underneath, all over the eyes, only the dead bones as the logo ear “. Loulan–The town of this Silk Road has been fascinating for nearly 500 years, and gradually disappeared without human smoke. It disappeared silently on the historical stage. After the 4th century AD, Lou Languo suddenly disappeared.
According to the “Shui Jing Zhu”, after the Eastern Han Dynasty, due to the diversion of the Riverside River in the middle reaches of the Tarim River, Loulan was seriously short of water. Dunhuang’s Soller led 1,000 people to Loulan, and convened 3,000 people from the three kingdoms of Shanshan, Qionglai and Kucha. The diversion of the Binhe River into the Loulan eased the lack of water in Loulan. However, after this, although Loulan people made the best efforts and tried to dredge the river, the ancient city of Loulan was finally abandoned due to water cut.
It is said that Loulan’s death is caused by human beings who violated the laws of nature. Loulan people blindly cut and cut down to cause soil erosion, wind and sand invasion, river diversion, climate anomaly, plague epidemic, water loss, salt and alkali accumulation, and finally into a kingdom. It must die out.
Anyway, one thing is certain. The last blow to Loulan is the plague. This is a terrible acute infectious disease. The legendary saying is called “hot wolf disease”, a disease and a village, and a family. In the face of a huge disaster, Loulan chose to flee – just like the previous move, they were forced. Loulan was disintegrated. People blindly went against the Tarim River. Wherever there were trees and water, they went there. They could live there and go there. There are only a few who can live. Loulan people want to cry without tears. When they were on the road, they were catching up with the unprecedented wind and sand. It was a big battle to bury the burial place. The sky was dark and the sand was flying, the sound was like a ghost, and a city was scattered in the turbid blur…
At this point, the brilliant Loulan ancient city will be forever The land has disappeared silently in history. Although the fugitive Loulan people dreamed of resurrecting Loulan from generation to generation, dreams can only be dreams. Moreover, in the end, even the dreamer can’t wait and disappear, Loulan is still the territory of the sand, the kingdom of death.